Physical and Pharmacological Effects of Marijuana


Cannabis isn’t just probably the most abused illicit drug in the USA (Gold, Frost-Pineda, & Jacobs, 2004; NIDA, 2010) it’s certainly that the most abused illegal drug global (UNODC, 2010). From america this is just a schedule-I substance that means that it is lawfully considered as having no clinical usage and it is highly addictive (US DEA, 2010). Doweiko (2009) explains that not all cannabis has misuse potential. He therefore suggests using the common vocabulary bud when referring to cannabis with misuse potential. With regard to clarity this vocabulary is used in this newspaper also.

Today, bud are at the forefront of worldwide controversy regarding the appropriateness of its widespread illegal status. In many Union countries it’s been legalized for medical functions. This trend is popularly known as”medical marijuana” and can be strongly applauded by advocates while concurrently despised aggressively by opponents (Dubner, 2007; Nakay, 2007; Van Tuyl, 2007). It’s in this context it was decided to choose the topic of the bodily and medicinal effects of marijuana to the basis of this research article.

What’s marijuana?
Marijuana is a plant more correctly referred to as cannabis sativa. As stated, some cannabis sativa plants don’t need abuse potential and also are referred to as berry. Hemp can be employed widely for assorted fiber products for example paper and artist’s canvas. Cannabis sativa with misuse potential is what we call marijuana (Doweiko, 2009). It’s intriguing to observe that even though widely studies for several years, there’s a lot that researchers still do not know regarding marijuana. Neuro-scientists and biologists understand very well what the effects of marijuana are but they still don’t fully comprehend just why (Hazelden, 2005).

Deweiko (2009), Gold, Frost-Pineda, and Jacobs (2004) point out that of approximately four hundred known compounds within the cannabis plants, researchers understand over sixty that are considered to possess carcinogenic effects on the human anatomy. Like Hazelden (2005),” Deweiko states that while we understand lots of the neurophysical effects of THC, the reason why THC produces these effects are somewhat unclear.

It affects a enormous selection of neurotransmitters and catalyzes other biochemical and behavioral action as well. The CNS is aroused when the THC activates specific neuroreceptors in the brain resulting in the many physical and emotional reactions that will probably be expounded on more notably farther on. The only substances which can activate neuro-transmitters are compounds that mimic compounds that the brain produces naturally. The simple fact THC stimulates brain function educates boffins that the mind has natural cannabinoid receptors. It’s still unsure why humans have natural cannabinoid receptors and the way they work (Hazelden, 2005; Martin, 2004). What we do understand is that bud will stimulate cannabinoid receptors around twenty times longer actively than any one of the human body’s natural hormones ever could (Doweiko, 2009).

Serotonin receptors are one of the most aroused by all psychoactive drugs, but most specifically nicotine and alcohol. Independent of marijuana’s relationship with this chemical, dopamine is a bit understood neurochemical and its supposed neuroscientific roles of functioning and purpose are still mostly hypothetical (Schuckit & Tapert, 2004). Exactly what neuroscientists are finding definitively is that marijuana smokers have very substantial quantities of serotonin activity (Hazelden, 2005). I would hypothesize that it might be that connection between THC and serotonin that explains the”marijuana maintenance program” of achieving abstinence from alcohol also allows bud smokers to avoid painful withdrawal symptoms also prevent cravings from alcohol. The efficacy of”marijuana care” for aiding alcohol abstinence is not scientific but is still really a phenomenon I’ve personally witnessed with numerous customers.cbd oil vape

Interestingly, marijuana mimics so many neurological responses of different medication that it is extremely tricky to classify in a specific class. Researchers will place it in one of the categories: psychedelic; hallucinogen; or serotonin inhibitor. It has properties that mimic similar chemical responses as opioids. Other chemical responses mimic stimulants (Ashton, 2001; Gold, Frost-Pineda, and Jacobs, 2004). Hazelden (2005) classifies marijuana in its own special category – cannabinoids. The cause of this confusion is the intricacy of the numerous psycho active properties found within bud, both known and unknown. One recent client I saw may not cure the visual distortions he suffered as a consequence of pervasive psychedelic use provided that he had been still smoking bud. But not strong enough to create these visual distortions on its own, bud was strong enough to protect against the mind from recovering and healing.

Cannibinoid receptors are located throughout the brain thus affecting a huge array of functioning. The absolute most crucial on the emotional level is that the stimulation of the brain’s nucleus accumbens perverting the brain’s natural reward centers.

I’ve observed that the significant marijuana smokers who I work with personally seem to talk about a commonality of working with the drug to take care of their anger. This observation has evidenced based consequences and is the basis of scientific research. Research has actually revealed that the association between bud and managing anger is clinically significant (Eftekhari, Turner, & Larimer, 2004). Stress is a safety mechanism utilized to guard against emotional consequences of adversity fueled by fear (Cramer, 1998).